Shoulder Girdle & Upper Arms
Movement: Upper Arm
The major and minor rhomboids are flat rectangular muscles originating from the vertebral spinous processes and a ligament in the midline of the back, inserting on the medial border of the scapula. Contraction draws the scapula towards the midline and opens the chest. Postures such as garudasana stretch the rhomboids. Contracting the rhomboids stabilizes the scapula and lifts the ribcage (in association with closed chain contraction of the pectoralis minor). The rhomboids are direct antagonists of the serratus anterior muscle. The levator scapulae assist in lifting and rotating the scapula.
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