Gluteus Maximus GLOOteus MAKsimus

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Outer posterior surface of the illium, posterior surface of the sacrum and coccyx, and the aponeurosis of the erector spinae muscles of the back.

Posterior Sacrum Muscles


1) Gluteal tuberosity on lateral surface of the pr-oximal femur below the greater trochanter.

2) Iliotibial batid (inserts onto Gerdys' tubercle 0n the front of the proximal tibia).

Lumbar Spinal Nerve5

Innervation & chakra illuminated

Inferior gluteal nerve (lumbar spinal nerve 5 and sacral spinal nerves 1 and 2). Chakra illuminated: First.

Sacral Spinal NervesYoga For Gluteus

Gluteus Maximus (GLOO-te-us MAK-si-mus)

Adductor Magnus


Semimembranosis, semitendenosis, biceps femoris, quadratus lumborum and adductor magnus.


Iliopsoas, rectus femoris and pectineus.

Adductor Magnus


I xtend'. and externally rotates hip. Upperfibers .iv.i-.t to abduct thigh. Assists to stabilize fully ■ t ' tided knee (via iliotibial band).

Open chain contraction extends and externally rotates the hip joint.

Contracting the gluteus maximus lifts and externally rotates the back leg in virabhadrasana III. The fibers inserting on the iliotibial band also assist in stabilizing the straight knee.

Virabhadrasana Iii

Closed chain contraction extends trunk virabhadrasana II.

Key Muscles


The gluteus maximus can be eccentrically contracted in padangustasana, stretching and strengthening it.

Contracted Gluteus Maximus

Closed chain contraction of the gluteus maximus in ushtrasana extends the trunk.

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The Chakra Checklist

The Chakra Checklist

The chakras are described as being aligned in an ascending column from the base of the back to the top of the head. New Age practices frequently associate each chakra with a particular color.

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