As the various methods for the awakening of kundalini, described in Hatha-Yoga manuals or prescribed in other ancient texts, are already mentioned in detail in several modern books, it is not necessary here to enter into a recapitulation of the techniques already explained in other writings. A few words are, however, necessary to bring out the fact that all the practices and exercises described are of a type that one would expect of a system, designed for the excitation of a psychosomatic mechanism in the body, intimately connected with the reproductive region at the base of the spine and the cerebral hemispheres in the head. The ancient writers on the subject have made no secret of this close relationship between the two poles of the mechanism, and even the purest and the most saintly of them have described the interaction of the two in plain terms without any effort at ambiguity. In assessing the value of the ancient techniques it is necessary to bear in mind that they were designed at a time when knowledge of the human body was extremely meagre and recourse to supernatural agencies and spiritual forces to account for the more obscure functions of the organism which are not clearly defined in biological terms was very common. When once the processes responsible for Spiritual experience are rightly understood in the context of
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