The word kapala means 'forehead' or 'frontal lobe of the brain'; bhati is 'bellows', the instrument used by a village blacksmith to create air drafts for his forge. Kapalbhati can therefore be translated as 'frontal brain bellowing'. In this practice, the lungs are the bellows which suck air in and out of the body. Associated with this flow of air are subtle pranic currents. Some of these currents can be clearly felt inside the forehead. They pulsate in rhythm with the bellowing of the lungs; that is, pranic bellowing occurs in the front of the brain. Hence the name of the practice. This process brings purification of this region.
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