This asana is widely mentioned in many ancient texts. The Hatha Yoga Pradipika says: "Knees straight and forehead on the knees, hands on toes in a sitting position. It directs vital energy into the back especially in the sushumna; the digestive power is increased, the obesity reduced. Man becomes free of diseases and maintains the body in a healthy condition."
It is similarly described in such books as the Gherand Samhita and the Shiva Samhita. In fact, the Shiva Samhita is more specific in praising this asana. It says: "A person who perfects this asana and does it daily induces vayu (vital or pranic energy) to flow through the back in the sushumna."
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